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[December 2020] A to Zs of Different Skin Pigmentation Conditions, such as Blemishes, Freckles, and Age Spots
Date 12-22-2020 10:12 Hit1642
A to Zs of Different Skin Pigmentation Conditions,
such as Blemishes, Freckles, and Age Spots


Skin pigmentation conditions refer to skin pigmentation induced by repeated UV exposure. It is widely believed that you must pay extra attention to your skin throughout the four seasons, especially summer. Today, let’s explore skin pigmentation conditions in detail with Kim Jeongeun, a dermatologist and professor of Hanyang University Seoul Hospital





What are Skin Pigmentation Conditions?


One cause of skin pigmentation conditions is an excess production of melanin that recovers and protects damaged skin as a defensive reaction. They include blemishes, freckles, and age spots. Blemishes refer to brown spots with light, irregular borders, which are associated with hormone fluctuations and are common in women. Meanwhile, freckles are yellowish-brown marks with a diameter of less than 5–6 mm, which often show up during childhood. Lastly, age spots, which are associated with aging, are brown or black patches around the exposed areas with more sebaceous glands, such as the forehead, face, and neck.





What are the Main Causes of Skin Pigmentation Conditions?


It is widely believed that the main cause of blemishes is UV exposure. Pregnancy, genetic factors, malnutrition, and liver dysfunctions can also worsen blemishes. Freckles are flecks of melanin that emerge when the sun’s UV rays hit our skin. They become more noticeable in the summertime and fade throughout the winter months because they are associated with sun exposure. Apart from aging, genetic factors can predispose you to age spots. They are particularly common in the middle-aged and the elderly, who are susceptible to sun damage.


Should You Pay More Attention to Your Skin During Summer?


During the summer months, when UV rays are stronger, the skin’s defensive response is more active. In particular, darker skin, which is richer in melanin pigments, reacts more actively to UV rays and results in pigmentation conditions. If you have tan skin in the summer and you are exposed to sunlight, you have a higher risk of having a pigmentation issue.





What is the Relationship
Between Skin Pigmentation Conditions and Skin Aging?


Apart from hyperpigmentation, UV-damaged skin can result in photoaging, along with an increase in active oxygen species. Symptoms of photoaging include deep wrinkles, rough skin, and the loss of skin elasticity.


What Treatment Options are Available for Skin Pigmentation Conditions?


It is difficult to naturally and rapidly recover from skin pigmentation conditions even after getting the necessary treatment. Taking precautions when going out in the sun and developing healthy habits with extra care is the best cure. Please ensure that you apply the sunscreen evenly across your skin every day and use topical corticosteroids with a brightening effect on the areas with hyperpigmentation. Depending on the intensity of pigmentation and individual characteristics, you can also use other treatment options such as oral medication, chemical decortication, IPL, and laser pigmentation removal. Compared to age spots and freckles, it is difficult to treat blemishes. If you have darker skin, you might face the risk of side effects. As such, you must consult a dermatologist in advance.
It is highly recommended that you get the treatment in autumn or winter rather than in summer, when UV rays are strong and when your body sweats more. However, taking care of your skin after treatment is more important than taking seasonal factors into account. Taking precautions must be your top priority.






What are Some of the Ways to Prevent
and Control Skin Pigmentation Conditions?


- Protect your skin using a hat, an umbrella, or long sleeves to block UV rays.
- Use a sunscreen over SPF 30. Place a small amount of sunscreen from the tip to the end of your index finger and apply evenly across your skin. Apply an additional layer every two to three hours.
- Eat enough fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C, such as kiwis, lemons, and peppers.
- Consult a dermatologist to prevent and treat skin pigmentation conditions.