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[November 2020] Stroke: Risk Management as the Most Effective Cure
Date 11-10-2020 13:11 Hit123
Stroke: Risk Management as the Most Effective Cure


Stroke comes as a huge shock as its symptoms appear suddenly without warning. It greatly impacts the lives of patients and their guardians, making it difficult to return to normal after it happens. As such, here are a few ways to prevent a stroke.





What is a Stroke?


A stroke occurs when blood supply to a part of your brain is interrupted or reduced as the blood vessel becomes blocked or bursts. There are several types of stroke, such as “ischemic stroke” caused by a blockage in an artery supplying blood to the brain and “cerebral hemorrhagic,” which occurs when blood from an artery begins bleeding into the brain and, in turn, damages the brain cells.
According to Park Taejun, head of neurosurgery at Cheju Halla General Hospital, stroke is “one of the deadliest diseases that arrive suddenly without warning and is not caused by external forces, such as accidents or infections. It is almost impossible to return to normal after a stroke. The only way to cure it is to understand and control the risk factors before it occurs.”






Stroke Risk Management Strategy ①: Lower your blood pressure!


Treating and lowering high blood pressure is the key to managing the risk of stroke. As systolic blood pressure reaches 20 mmHg or higher, the fatality rate from a stroke becomes nearly twice as high for those in their 40s, 50s, and 60s. However, many people refuse to manage high blood pressure because “they believe they would have to take medications forever.” However, a study has proven that high blood pressure medication can reduce your risk of stroke by 30%–40%.





Stroke Risk Management Strategy ②: Manage your diabetes!


Diabetes is dangerous because of its side effects and complications, and it is widely known that diabetes increases your risk of stroke—particularly hemorrhagic stroke—by twice as high. As such, you must pay extra attention to it as the diabetes incidence rate increases. Even without diabetes, if you are obese at an advanced age, you must get routine checkups to avoid this disease.





Stroke Risk Management Strategy ③: Control your dyslipidemia!


Dyslipidemia refers to higher levels of cholesterol (total and LDL cholesterols) and neutral fat or lower levels of HDL cholesterol, effective in preventing arteriosclerosis with anti-inflammatory effects. Even if you manage to prevent or control high blood pressure or diabetes, with dyslipidemia, the odds of experiencing a stroke—particularly ischemic stroke—is 1.5 times as high. It only takes a simple blood test to check whether you have dyslipidemia, and symptoms can be easily reduced by taking medication.





Stroke Risk Management Strategy ④: Stop smoking now!


According to many health-care specialists, smoking is a common risk factor for most diseases. No matter how healthy you are, smoking, including “secondhand smoke,” can be the “sole risk factor” that increases the risk of stroke. For smokers that manage to quit smoking, the risk of stroke begins to decrease after two years and becomes as low as that of nonsmokers after five years. With that, it is better to stop smoking now.