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[April 2018] Three Obscure Yet Surprisingly Common Mental Disorders
Date 04-09-2018 09:39 Hit4815
Three Obscure Yet Surprisingly Common Mental Disorders

People living in modern societies are plagued by a wide range of complex, mysterious, and difficult mental disorders. Although many mental disorders stem from damage to, or loss of, brain functions, there are also many other mental disorders of unknown causes or causes that are far too complex to be reduced to one. As society grows more complex, new mental disorders are increasingly being discovered, some of which occasionally make news headlines. Here are three of the obscure and unexpectedly common mental disorders.

1. Munchausen’s syndrome

This syndrome affects people with some or even extensive medical knowledge. It leads patients to fake illnesses or inflict harm upon themselves to attract attention and affection from others.

Symptoms : The main syndrome is lying about being ill or hurt in the absence of actual medical conditions. Some patients also concoct elaborate stories about their loved ones or pets being ill. In extreme cases, these patients could inflict harm on people in their care to attract attention.

Causes : Munchausen’s syndrome has been known to affect people who lack the capability to be independent, who wish to avoid difficult situations or burden, or who are preoccupied with keeping people interested in them.

Treatment : As Munchausen’s syndrome patients frequently change medical providers and hospitals to keep their lies intact, they are difficult to identify and properly treat.

2. Ripley’s Syndrome

The name of this antisocial personality disorder came from Tom Ripley, the antihero at the center of American novelist Patricia Highsmith’s crime novels from the 1950s. Ripley’s syndrome that manifests because of the Internet and social media is known under the subcategory of the “Cyber Ripley Syndrome.”

Symptoms : Patients cannot stop lying and believe in their lies themselves. In extreme cases, they commit crimes inspired or motivated by their lies.

Causes : The syndrome is likely to affect individuals with a strong desire for success but prone to feeling inferior and victimized because of their inability to realize their ideals. It may also affect individuals whose self-esteem has suffered because of constant pressure.

Treatment : Patients do not recognize their state as that of a mental disorder and often refuse treatment. Counseling with professional counselors and drug treatments are offered simultaneously.

3. Depersonalization Disorder

The depersonalization disorder makes the patient feel alienated from himself. Some researchers claim that over 50% of people experience this disorder in varying severity, either temporarily or continually. Sustained sensations of depersonalization may be symptoms of some other existing mental disorders or indicators of other mental and emotional problems including depression.

Symptoms : Patients lose their grip on reality. They feel as if they were living in a dream or a movie and experience their mental and physical states as if they were third-party observers. Some experience more serious symptoms, such as the paralysis of senses, the lack of emotional responses, and language disorders.

Causes : Severe inner conflicts and traumas and traumatic experiences have all been identified. Panic attacks, acute stress-related disorders, dissociated personality disorder, brain tumors, poststroke syndrome, and drugs have also been blamed.

Treatment : Medical professionals diagnose possible causes first and prescribe drugs and counseling as needed.